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Number Theory III: Diophantine Geometry

Number Theory III: Diophantine Geometry
Catalogue Information
Field name Details
Dewey Class 512.7
Title Number Theory III ([EBook]) : Diophantine Geometry / edited by Serge Lang.
Added Personal Name Lang, Serge. , 1927-2005. editor.
Other name(s) SpringerLink (Online service)
Publication Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer , 1991.
Physical Details XIII, 296 pages : online resource.
Series Encyclopaedia of mathematical sciences 0938-0396 ; ; 60
ISBN 9783642582271
Summary Note From the reviews of the first printing of this book, published as Volume 60 of the Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences: "Between number theory and geometry there have been several stimulating influences, and this book records of these enterprises. This author, who has been at the centre of such research for many years, is one of the best guides a reader can hope for. The book is full of beautiful results, open questions, stimulating conjectures and suggestions where to look for future developments. This volume bears witness of the broad scope of knowledge of the author, and the influence of several people who have commented on the manuscript before publication ... Although in the series of number theory, this volume is on diophantine geometry, and the reader will notice that algebraic geometry is present in every chapter. ... The style of the book is clear. Ideas are well explained, and the author helps the reader to pass by several technicalities. Reading and rereading this book I noticed that the topics are treated in a nice, coherent way, however not in a historically logical order. ...The author writes "At the moment of writing, the situation is in flux...". That is clear from the scope of this book. In the area described many conjectures, important results, new developments took place in the last 30 years. And still new results come at a breathtaking speed in this rich field. In the introduction the author notices: "I have included several connections of diophantine geometry with other parts of mathematics, such as PDE and Laplacians, complex analysis, and differential geometry. A grand unification is going on, with multiple connections between these fields." Such a unification becomes clear in this beautiful book, which we recommend for mathematicians of all disciplines." Medelingen van het wiskundig genootschap, 1994 "... It is fascinating to see how geometry, arithmetic and complex analysis grow together!..." Monatshefte für Mathematik, 1993.:
Contents note I Some Qualitative Diophantine Statements -- §1. Basic Geometric Notions -- §2. The Canonical Class and the Genus -- §3. The Special Set -- §4. Abelian Varieties -- §5. Algebraic Equivalence and the Néron-Severi Group -- §6. Subvarieties of Abelian and Semiabelian Varieties -- §7. Hilbert Irreducibility -- II Heights and Rational Points -- §1. The Height for Rational Numbers and Rational Functions -- §2. The Height in Finite Extensions -- §3. The Height on Varieties and Divisor Classes -- §4. Bound for the Height of Algebraic Points -- III Abelian Varieties -- §0. Basic Facts About Algebraic Families and Néron Models -- §1, The Height as a Quadratic Function -- §2. Algebraic Families of Heights -- §3. Torsion Points and the l-Adic Representations -- §4. Principal Homogeneous Spaces and Infinite Descents -- §5. The Birch-Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture -- §6. The Case of Elliptic Curves Over Q -- IV Faltings’ Finiteness Theorems on Abelian Varieties and Curves -- §1. Torelli’s Theorem -- §2. The Shafarevich Conjecture -- §3. The l-Adic Representations and Semisimplicity -- §4. The Finiteness of Certain l-Adic Representations. Finiteness I Implies Finiteness II -- §5. The Faltings Height and Isogenies: Finiteness I -- §6. The Masser-Wustholz Approach to Finiteness I -- V Modular Curves Over Q -- §1. Basic Definitions -- §2. Mazur’s Theorems -- §3. Modular Elliptic Curves and Fermat’s Last Theorem -- §4. Application to Pythagorean Triples -- §5. Modular Elliptic Curves of Rank 1 -- VI The Geometric Case of Mordell’s Conjecture -- §0. Basic Geometric Facts -- §1. The Function Field Case and Its Canonical Sheaf -- §2. Grauert’s Construction and Vojta’s Inequality -- §3. Parshin’s Method with (?;2x/y) -- §4. Manin’s Method with Connections -- §5. Characteristic p and Voloch’s Theorem -- VII Arakelov Theory -- §1. Admissible Metrics Over C -- §2. Arakelov Intersections -- §3. Higher Dimensional Arakelov Theory -- VIII Diophantine Problems and Complex Geometry -- §1. Definitions of Hyperbolicity -- §2. Chern Form and Curvature -- §3. Parshin’s Hyperbolic Method -- §4. Hyperbolic Imbeddings and Noguchi’s Theorems -- §5. Nevanlinna Theory -- IX Weil Functions. Integral Points and Diophantine Approximations -- §1. Weil Functions and Heights -- §2. The Theorems of Roth and Schmidt -- §3. Integral Points -- §4. Vojta’s Conjectures -- §5. Connection with Hyperbolicity -- §6. From Thue-Siegel to Vojta and Faltings -- §7. Diophantine Approximation on Toruses -- X Existence of (Many) Rational Points -- §1. Forms in Many Variables -- §2. The Brauer Group of a Variety and Manin’s Obstruction -- §3. Local Specialization Principle -- §4. Anti-Canonical Varieties and Rational Points.
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